This module is for Grades: 9-10 Welcome

Though you may have doubts about the accuracy of its meaning, you have likely heard the expression "one person can change the world." In this module, you will learn about Martin Luther, an individual in the early 16th century, and how his actions changed the religious life of many in the Western world.

Towards the end of the 15th century, the Roman Catholic Church dominated the religious life of Europe. Although many people criticized the actions of the church, Martin Luther is credited with starting the Protestant Reformation with his 1517 publication of The Ninety-Five Theses.

In this module you will read about events of the Reformation movement through primary and secondary sources, identify the central ideas of the texts, and cite evidence from the text that supports the central idea.

Module Objectives

By the end of this module, you will be able to:

  • Accurately determine the central idea and provide a summary of how key ideas develop over the text.
  • Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of a primary source text.
  • Cite specific evidence that supports inferences and implications that inform the social studies question being considered.
  • Identify key excerpts that best capture the source’s central idea.
  • Cite information from primary and secondary sources accurately and completely, attending to such details as date and origin information.
  • Determine the central idea of the source, including what the source says explicitly.
painting of Martin Luther

Martin Luther is credited with starting the Protestant Reformation.

Image Credit: Lucas Cranach the Elder via Wikimedia Commonsopens in new window

Focus Standard

RH.9-10. 1 - Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information.

RH.9-10.2 - Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.


  • Evidence and Central Idea